Harami Cross candlestick pattern: What is it?

Candlestick patterns

Harami Cross
  • The harami candlestick pattern consists of two candlesticks.
  • The first candle is a big one and the second candle is a doji, contained within the first one’s body.

Statistics to prove if the Harami Cross pattern really works

Are the odds of the Harami Cross pattern in your favor?


How does the Harami Cross behave with a 2:1 target R/R ratio?

Success rate

From our research the Harami Cross pattern confirms 56.5% of the time on average overall all the 4120 markets we analysed. Historically, this patterns confirmed within 2.9 candles or got invalidated within 4.4 candles. If confirmed, it reached the 2:1 R/R target 40.2% of the time and it retested it's entry price level 93.7% of the time.
Not accounting for fees, it has an expected outcome of 0.207 $/$. It means for every $100 you risk on a trade with the Harami Cross pattern you make $20.7 on average.
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How to handle risk with the Harami Cross pattern?


We analysed 4120 markets for the last 59 years and we found 139 337 occurrences of the Harami Cross pattern.
On average markets printed 1 Harami Cross pattern every 112 candles.

For 2:1 R/R trades, the longest winning streak observed was 10 and the longest losing streak was 22. A trading strategy relying solely on this pattern is not advised. Anyway, make sure to use proper risk management.

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Keep in mind all these informations are for educational purposes only and are NOT financial advice.

What is the Harami Cross candlestick pattern?

The harami candlestick pattern consists of two candlesticks. The first candle is a big one and the second candle is small. The first candle completely engulfs the second small candle. That is why this pattern has the name “harami candlestick pattern”. The Harami Cross candlestick pattern is a little variation from the general formation.

 “Harami” is a word of the Japanese language that means pregnant. In the harami cross candlestick pattern, the first candle is considered a mother with a large real body. The second candle may look like a Doji candlestick or a spinning top. The simple harami pattern becomes a harami cross pattern whenever the second smaller candlestick is a Doji. 

When the closing price and high price are the same or very close to each other, a Doji appears. A Doji is a candlestick with no or a very small real body. The small size of the Doji represents uncertainty and indecision among the market participants. 

The harami cross pattern can be of two types. A bullish harami cross forms at the bottom of a bearish market while a bearish harami cross forms at the top of a bullish market. 

Bullish harami cross candlestick pattern 

A bullish harami cross appears during and at the bottom of a downtrend. It can be identified by spotting a pattern where the first candle is a big one and the second candle is Doji totally embodied in the first candle. The first candle of the harami cross tells traders that the bears are controlling the market. The Doji opens above the close of the previous day and it has a very narrow range. The appearance of the Doji suggests that some degree of indecisiveness has also entered the market. In short, the appearance of the bullish pattern indicates that the current downtrend is about to reverse especially after the confirmation provided by a rise above the open of the first candle. 

Bullish harami cross

Bearish harami cross candlestick pattern 

A bearish harami cross appears during and at the top of an uptrend. Its identification criteria are the same as the bullish harami cross. The first candle here indicates that the buyers are in complete control of the market. Then the appearance of the second candle, a Doji, suggests that some degree of indecisiveness and uncertainty has also entered the market. The completion of the pattern predicts that the prevailing trend is likely to change very soon especially after the confirmation provided by the decreasing prices right after the appearance of the pattern. 

Bearish harami cross

Bottom line

The harami cross candlestick pattern is a reversal pattern. Keep in mind traders should not take a position in haste because this pattern is not that strong. It is more reliable on bigger timeframes like weekly or monthly. Technical analysts and experts do not trust the pattern on smaller timeframes. However, experts advise to wait for confirmation before making decisions on the basis of the harami cross pattern. It is always a prudent decision to have a reasonable stop-loss. Furthermore, traders need some other methods to determine when to enter or exit the market because the harami cross does not have profit targets.

How does the Harami Cross pattern look in real life?

The cryptocurrency pair BEAM/BTC printed a bearish Harami Cross on 2020-04-02 18:00:00. It confirmed on 2020-04-03 14:00:00 (meaning price closed below entry level). It retested the trade entry level on 2020-04-03 15:00:00. Then it failed to reach the 2:1 R/R target and got stopped on 2020-04-09 15:00:00.
The cryptocurrency pair ZEC/BTC printed a bearish Harami Cross on 2018-03-16 21:00:00. It confirmed on 2018-03-17 17:00:00 (meaning price closed below entry level). It retested the trade entry level on 2018-03-17 18:00:00. Then it failed to reach the 2:1 R/R target and got stopped on 2018-03-18 22:00:00.
The stock CTAS printed a bullish Harami Cross on 2019-06-10 17:30:00. Unfortunately it invalidated on 2019-06-11 14:30:00 before the trade could trigger (it triggered the stop before entering).
The stock LIN printed a bullish Harami Cross on 2018-11-26 17:30:00. Unfortunately it invalidated on 2018-11-27 14:30:00 before the trade could trigger (it triggered the stop before entering).

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