Short Sale Restriction (SSR) : What is it? How does it work?

Trading concepts

Short Sell Restriction SSR

Do you want to know about Short Sale Restriction (SSR)? In this blog, we will tell you about SSR. SSR was a rule that came in the year 2010. It is also referred to as the alternate uptick rule. This means that you can only short a stock on the uptick.

It is one of the unusual things when you think about it first. It will restrict the ability for shortening the stock as it will dropdown. You will notice that there is no such thing as a long buy restriction where you will not have to buy any stock.

Brief Intro about Short Sale Restriction (SSR)

SSR is turned on, and it’s down more than that of 10% versus the previous sales. The Short sale rule was a regulation of trading in place between the year 1938 and the year 2007. It restricted the short selling of a stock on a downtick in the market price of shares.

Between the years 1938 to 2007, market participants were not able to short a stock when the shares were falling. In the year 2007, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) uplifts the prohibition by allowing shorting for focusing on any price movement.

SEC in the year 2010, adopts an alternative uptick rule. This prohibits short selling when the stock drops down at 10% or more than that.

Brief Information about SSR

According to the Short Sale Restriction (SSR) rule, short places at a price that is above the most recent trade. This means an uptick in the price of shares. Rule forbade trading shorts in limited expectations share price. The rule was famously known as the uptick rule, “plus tick rule,” or the tick-test rule.”

According to the 1934 Securities Exchange Act, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) became an authority. They start regulating the short sales of securities. In the year 1938, short selling in downmarket was having a restriction according to the commission.

Well, in the year 2010, the alternative uptick rule was adopted by SEC. This triggers when the price of security drops by 10% or even more as compared to the previous day’s close.

Short-Sale Rule History

During the Great Depression, SEC adopts the short-sale rule in response to the practice of pooling capital and short shares among shareholders. The main reason was that shareholders would quickly panic sell.

To eliminate the short sale rule, SEC examines the decimalization of the major stock exchanges.

The controversy around ending the Short-Sale Rule

The SSR was put to an end when it had conspiracies and controversies. This was up to the year 2008.  Then in the year 2010, the alternative rule was there. There is a restriction of short sales on downticks of 10% or even more.

After once it triggers, SSR will remain in effect till the end of the trading day. The best part is that rule applies to all the equity securities. No matter they are trading on an exchange or over the counter.

The Original Short-Sale Rule

In the year 1938, a great opportunity for stock price manipulation was there. The traders utilize the brokers working the floor of an exchange. There was no digital trading.

There was the downward pressure that caused a few people to earn more profit. Uptick rule by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) starts to protect the investors.

The rule had been working for almost 70 years. In the year 2007, it changes. At that point, electronic trading was also in the market.

The Financial Crisis in 2007- 2008 and Then Re-examining the SSR

In the year 2008, SEC re-think the rule because of market volatility and the financial crises. The present rule of SSR was announced on 24th Feb 2010. This was implemented in May 2010.

For preserving the confidence of the investor and promoting market efficiency, this rule plays a significant role. Moreover, it also helps to recognize short selling. It is important to recognize because it can be both harmful and beneficial for the market.

How Short-Sale Rule Works?

The work is simple and also easy to understand. The short-sale orders execute at a higher price after the circuit breaker trips. These prices are higher than the current best bid. It is not possible to ‘hit the bid’ with a stock that is under SSR. It means that you will have to keep waiting for the price to increase.

Is the Short-Sale Restriction Effective?

Many people think about whether SSR is effective or not. SSR is also referred to as the short-sale restriction. Both are actually the same thing.

The effectiveness of SSR depends on the situation. There are conflicting levels of efficiency of SSR. It is particular for the stocks that are at different trading volume levels and also different prices.

The most important thing to know is that you must have experience. SSR is not for beginners as there are many complicated things in it. Suppose you are trading; the most you can lose is the amount that you invest. But if you are going for SSR, it will give an infinite potential loss.

So, you must be careful if you are new to trading and all the stocks.

What Is A Short Sale Restriction In Stocks?

SSR that also has the name the “uptick rule,” is a process that aims to limit the short selling in any stock market. The main aim of SSR is to help in preventing short sellers from pushing the company shares to a lower level.

4 Rules of SSR

SSR includes many important rules. But the 4 basic rules that are of SSR are following:

  1. When it comes to the rule. It triggers only once when the share of a company drops by almost 10% in a day. This 10% starts from the close of the previous day.
  2. The second most important thing to know is that SSR restrictions will remain for the remaining day. Even in some cases, the rule extends to the next day.
  3. Thirdly, the SSR rule is for all the companies that are on the list of American exchanges.  Such as New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and Nasdaq etc.
  4. Last and most important thing, the rule enforced by the brokers. You will see SSR at DDTW whenever it triggers.

These were the most important 4 rules that every trader knows. And these are very essential when it comes to SSR and its implementation etc.

Conclusion about Short Sale Restriction

Short Sale Restriction (SSR) restricts the ability of any business or a company to shorten the stocks. If you want to make more and more money, then shorting the stocks is one of the most convenient and also the best options.

If you are looking for the best advice. Then there are a lot of trading professionals who are specialized in shorting the stocks. 

But unlike buying of the stocks. The chance to make an unlimited loss is now possible. It is possible through a method that is known as a short squeeze.

We are here to help you out in business and trading. Stay in touch with us for more recent updates and to know about the new terminologies that will help your business.

Russell Crane

Russell Crane

Russell is an Algorithmic & Technical Analyst Trader @ PatternsWizard.
His passion is to share his knowledge about TA, patterns & more. Why hope for your trading to work when you can precisely know the performance stat of every pattern?

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