Hammer Candlestick Pattern: Complete Guide

Candlestick patterns

Hammer candlestick pattern

The Hammer candlestick pattern is a bullish reversal pattern that indicates a potential price reversal to the upside. It appears during the downtrend and signals that the bottom is near. After the appearance of the hammer, the prices start moving up. 

Hammer candlestick has a unique shape. It has a lower shadow of at least twice the size of the body. It has a very little body and a very tiny or non-existent upper shadow. The long lower shadow of it illustrates that sellers were able to push the prices lower but buyers will be able to overpower the selling pressure. Hence, the closing prices remain near to opening prices. The formation of Hammer in the downtrend does not mean to automatically place a buying order. It is imperative to have more bullish confirmations before taking any decisions. 

  • The Hammer pattern is a 1-bar bullish reversal candlestick pattern.
  • It looks like the letter “T” and has a small body and a long lower shadow.

Statistics to prove if the Hammer pattern really works

Are the odds of the Hammer pattern in your favor?


How does the Hammer behave with a 2:1 target R/R ratio?

Success rate

From our research the Hammer pattern confirms 61.9% of the time on average overall all the 4120 markets we analysed. Historically, this patterns confirmed within 2 candles or got invalidated within 3 candles. If confirmed, it reached the 2:1 R/R target 40.8% of the time and it retested it's entry price level 92.9% of the time.
Not accounting for fees, it has an expected outcome of 0.225 $/$. It means for every $100 you risk on a trade with the Hammer pattern you make $22.5 on average.
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How to handle risk with the Hammer pattern?


We analysed 4120 markets for the last 59 years and we found 173 198 occurrences of the Hammer pattern.
On average markets printed 1 Hammer pattern every 90 candles.

For 2:1 R/R trades, the longest winning streak observed was 18 and the longest losing streak was 57. A trading strategy relying solely on this pattern is not advised. Anyway, make sure to use proper risk management.

Stack the odds in my favor NOW!

Keep in mind all these informations are for educational purposes only and are NOT financial advice.

What does the Hammer candlestick pattern mean? 

Hammer is a bullish candlestick pattern that means the rejection of the lower prices. When the market opens, the prices begin to fall because the sellers take control. When the selling pressure is at the peak, a buying pressure intervenes and pushes the prices high. This buying pressure indicated by the Hammer strongly drives the closing prices above the opening prices.

How to identify it?

The identification of a Hammer candlestick pattern is easy because of its unique shape. There are specific conditions that must be there for a candle to be a Hammer candlestick.

  • The long lower wick that is at least twice the size of the body
  • A tiny body that lies at the upper end of the trading range
  • The very small or non-existent upper wick 

What does the Hammer pattern tell traders? 

Hammer candlestick pattern

Hammer candlestick pattern tells traders that a reversal in prices is about to happen after the determination of the bottom by the market. It indicates that the selling pressure will be overcome by the bulls and the prices will begin to rise again. However, it is important to notice that Hammer candlestick does not indicate the reversal of downtrend to upwards until the confirmation. 

How to trade when you see the pattern?

Hammer pattern isn’t used in isolation, ever after the confirmation by the hammer. Traders use it for analysis of the trend of the market. It is always the best strategy to trade within the context of the market instead of trading any single candlestick pattern. It is advised by the experts to trade in the direction of the trend. Secondly, trading from an area of value is advantageous. Lastly, it is important for your success to identify an entry trigger to initiate your trading.

Difference between the Hammer candlestick pattern and the Hanging Man candlestick pattern 

The Hammer is very similar to the Hanging Man candlestick pattern. Both have similar shapes with a small body, tiny or absent upper wick, and a long lower wick. The only difference between them is the nature of trends in which they appear. If a pattern appears in an upward trend and indicates a bearish reversal, it is Hanging Man. Conversely, if a pattern appears in a downtrend indicating a bullish reversal, it is a Hammer candlestick pattern. 

How does the Hammer pattern look in real life?

The cryptocurrency pair BNT/BTC printed a bullish Hammer on 2018-07-11 21:00:00. It confirmed on 2018-07-12 17:00:00 (meaning price closed above entry level). It retested the trade entry level on 2018-07-12 18:00:00. Then it failed to reach the 2:1 R/R target and got stopped on 2018-07-18 04:00:00.
The cryptocurrency pair TNT/BTC printed a bullish Hammer on 2018-07-20 15:00:00. It confirmed on 2018-07-21 11:00:00 (meaning price closed above entry level). It retested the trade entry level on 2018-07-21 12:00:00. Then it failed to reach the 2:1 R/R target and got stopped on 2018-07-23 07:00:00.
The stock CTSH printed a bullish Hammer on 2019-04-16 19:30:00. It confirmed on 2019-04-17 13:30:00 (meaning price closed above entry level). It retested the trade entry level on 2019-04-17 14:30:00. Then it failed to reach the 2:1 R/R target and got stopped on 2019-04-18 13:30:00.
The stock CBOE printed a bullish Hammer on 2019-10-24 17:30:00. Unfortunately it invalidated on 2019-10-25 13:30:00 before the trade could trigger (it triggered the stop before entering).
The stock LYB printed a bullish Hammer on 2019-10-23 18:30:00. Unfortunately it invalidated on 2019-10-24 14:30:00 before the trade could trigger (it triggered the stop before entering).
The stock NEM printed a bullish Hammer on 2018-08-29 17:30:00. Unfortunately it invalidated on 2018-08-30 13:30:00 before the trade could trigger (it triggered the stop before entering).
The stock RSG printed a bullish Hammer on 2019-09-25 17:30:00. Unfortunately it invalidated on 2019-09-26 13:30:00 before the trade could trigger (it triggered the stop before entering).

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