Put Credit Spread : Explained in Simple Terms


Put Credit Spread

Put Credit Spread, or a bull put, is an strategy of options. The investors use the strategy when he is expecting a reasonable rise in the price of any asset. There are 2 put options for forming a range. It consists of a low strike price and also a high strike price. There are two options, and investors receive net credit from any of them.

Keeping it more simple, the put credit spread is a strategy of an option for the investors. Any investor who wants to execute the Put Credit spread buys a put option on security. Then he sells any other put option on the same date. The only thing he does is make a upper strike price.

What are Maximum Profit and Maximum Loss?

When we talk about the maximum loss, it is equal to the variance between the net credits received and the strike prices.

The difference between the premium cost of the two options of a put is maximum profit. This happens only when the stock price closes above the high strike price.

Choosing the Best Vertical Spread Option at Put Credit Spread

First, you will need to understand the Put Credit Spread. There are many investors that use put options to take profit from a decline in stock price. Here, the put option gives them the ability to sell a stock before it expires.

Every put option includes the strike price. It is the price at which the option covers at underlying stock. Many investors purchase the premium for the put option.

The Profit and Loss through Put Option

Many investors buy the put options when they are out on the stock. It means that they are hoping that the stock will fall below the strike price. In such a case, Put Credit Spread benefits the stock rise.

If any stock trades more than the strike at expiry, the put option will expire. The reason behind this is that no one will sell stock at a strike lower that is lower as compared to the price of the market. So, investors, who brought premium, lose it.

Similarly, if there is an investor who is selling the put option and also hopes that the stock will not decrease. But also makes sure that the rise is above the strike. Here, the put option expires worthless.

The put option seller will receive the premium from selling the option initially. But if the stock drops below the strike. Then the put seller remains on the stay. Here, the option holder will have a profit.

Construction of the Put Credit Spread

There are two put options in Put Credit Spread. In the first option, the investor will buy one put option. And he will pay a premium. Similarly, the investor will also sell the second put option with a strike price that will be higher as compared to the one that was purchased. It will receive a premium for the sale.

Whether you choose options from 1 or option 2, both will have the same expiry date.

Structure of The Put Credit Spreads:

There are two legs in Put Credit spreads:

  • The one that is sold
  • The one that is bought

Both are essential for trading.

Put Credit Spread Profit and Loss

The all-out profit in Put Credit Spread is equal to the alteration between the quantity received and the amount funded. The amount received includes the sold put, and the amount paid includes the purchased put.

You may also say that the net credit that you will get is the maximum profit. It only happens in the case when the price of a stock closes above the higher strike price at expiry.

The main drawback of the strategy is that it limits the profit earned. How? Well, if a stock will rise above the upper strike of the sold put option, then the profit will be limited. Here, investors pocket initial credits, but they miss out on the future gains.

If your stock becomes below the upper strike in strategy. Then the investor begins to lose money. The reason is that the put will be exercised.

Suppose that the stock price is falling below the lower strike option. Then both put options will lose money.

Best Things about Put Credit Spread

Suitable Market Forecast

The Put Credit Spread earns a maximum profit. It happens when the price of any declining stock is above the strike price at the time of expiration. 

Strategy discussion

When we talk about the bull put spread, it is a strategy that helps in collecting option premium and also limits the risks at the same time. The profit is from both time decay and also increasing prices of stock. It is the strategy in which choices are made.

Impacts of stock price change

It benefits a lot when the prices rise that is underlying but hurts when they fall. It means that the position is having a “net positive delta.” The change in option price is estimated by delta.

Change in Unpredictability

If you do not know about volatility, then it is measured about how much stock price will fluctuate. It is in percentages. When volatility increases, the option prices also increase.


The bull spread has one long put and one short put. Here the sensitivity to time loss be contingent on the association of the price of stock for striking prices of the spread. If stock price becomes close to or above the strike price of the short puts. Then the prices in Put Credit Spread decrease.

If the price is halfway between both strike prices. Then the time erosion includes little upshot on the price of a bull put spread.

Why Put Credit Spreads are best?

They are best because:

  1. They have limited risk
  2. In addition, they are neutral to low and bearish positions
  3. The put credit spreads are the protected version of short puts

Why Trading of Put Credit Spread Essential?       

The most common reason for employing the put credit spread option is a bullish outlook. But when it comes to reasons, there are a number of them. Below are the reasons why Put Credit Spreads are best:

  • The assets that are underlying will move up
  • The price of underlying assets remain the same
  • Moreover, the price of the underlying assets moves down slowly

The put credit spreads can become profitable in any of these three outcomes of the market. As a result, they are very popular.

Important Tips about the Put Credit Spreads

The strategy of bull credits effectively represents the risk-defined way for selling the put option premium, which is a better option. As a trader, you can use put credit spreads for taking a bullish position or minimally bearish position.

The most common way to sell premium is selling the short puts. But here, trade becomes inherently riskier.

Why is there a need to Put Credit Spreads?

The put credit spread has limited risk. Moreover, they are having a defined profit potential. We sell put credit spreads for the bullish trades. This thigs means that we are taking in credit for trading. For closing a put credit spread, we will have to pay it back.

Russell Crane

Russell Crane

Russell is an Algorithmic & Technical Analyst Trader @ PatternsWizard.
His passion is to share his knowledge about TA, patterns & more. Why hope for your trading to work when you can precisely know the performance stat of every pattern?

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